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   The East Area Rapist struck California communities for 10 years— 1976-1986. Toward the end he became a murderer now known as the Original Night Stalker. He has 50 rapes and 12 murders to his record.  In the last 5 years of his crime spree his attacks became fewer and further apart, indicating he was losing the thrill and would quit. Then he vanished. He is the No. 1 serial offender in history. Yet he was so methodical and careful, he is known only by his DNA. It has been run through the database and never found a match with anybody who has been incarcerated. He would be about 56 years old now. He can best be likened to the real life Michael Myers.

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Preliminaries

Introduction

A Word About Rape

Notes on Personal Investigation

Logic verses Instinct

The Folklore of “Copycat”

Updates

 

Prehistory

The Summer of ’76

Victim #1— Rancho Cordova — The Beginning 

  Victim #2— Del Dayo — Careful Selection

   Victim #3— Foiled Attack— Rancho Cordova

Victim #4— Violent Improvisation— Crestview 

       Victim #5— Selected Target— Citrus Heights

Victim #6— Curious Tactics— Rancho Cordova

     Victim #7— Baring Down— Del Dayo

     Victim #8— Interrupted Arrival— Rancho Cordova

Analysis of First 8 Strikes

Victim #9— Revealing Mistake— Citrus Heights

Victim #10— Fair Oaks— Undaunted

       Living Dangerously— The Year of the EAR

Victim #11— Sacramento— Cats and Fields

Victim #12— Blind Spot Reveals— Citrus Heights

Victim #13— Crestview— Unexpected Jogger

Victim #14— Over the River and Through the Woods—  Sacramento

Victim #15— Tactical Misuse— Rancho Cordova

Victim #16— Orangevale— Opportunity Knocks a Clue

Victim #17— Unexpected Spoke in the Hub— Crestview

Victim #18— La Riviera— Moving Upwards

Victim #19— Orangevale— Presentiment of Impromptu Danger

Victim #20— Blind Spot and a Stop Watch— Citrus Heights

Victim #21— Del Dayo— Tactical 1

Victim #22— South Sacramento— Tactical 2

Panic!

Summer Clue

  After the Lull— 1977’s Autumn of Fear

Victim #23— Tactical 3— Stockton

Victim #24— Switcharoo— La Riviera

Victim #25— Follow Diablo— Foothill Farms

Victim #26—  Dump Truck Biker— Carmichael

Victim #27— Condo Commando— La Riviera

Victim #28— Tail of Diablo— Foothill Farms

Departmental Memo December 8, 1977

 

Yet Another Year— 1978

Victim #29/30— Assault!— Carmichael

Maggiore Murders— Critical Clue— Rancho Cordova

Victim #31— Distant Roaming— Stockton

Victim #31B— Back to Rancho— Rancho Cordova

Victim #32— Little Pocket, Big Clue— South Sacramento

Composite— Maggiore Murders Suspect

Victim #33— The Deep Dig— Modesto

Victim #34— Co-Ed— Davis

Victim #35— Back— Modesto

Victim #36— Forth— Davis

Silent Victim— Lateral— Modesto

Victim #37— Forth North— Davis

A New East— Contra Costa Corridor

Victim #38—  Surreal Schedule— Concord

Victim #39— Opportunity Kicks— Concord

Victim #40— Cats and Fields Again— San Ramon

Victim #41— The Way to San Jose— San Jose

Victim #42— Sobbing in San Jose— San Jose

Victim #43— Danville— Playing it Close

 

No Stopping Him— 1979

No Stopping Him

Lacing with Ligatures— San Ramon

Victim #43B— Auld Lange  Syne— Rancho Cordova

Victim #44— Along the 680— Fremont

Victim #45— Follow the Cats— Walnut Creek

Victim #46— Sticking to Routine— Danville

Victim #47— Walnut Creek— Dig and Retreat

Victim #48— Shouted Out— Danville

Victim #49—  The Unsuspected — Goleta

 

Murder— Original Night Stalker

Murder— The “Night Stalker”

 Goleta— Doctor Duo— Dec 30, 1979

Ventura— Cats & Murder— March 13, 1980

Laguna Niguel— Exclusive— August 19, 1980

Irvine— Home Alone— Feb. 6, 1981

Goleta— Dig & Retreat Again— July 27, 1981

Irvine— Epitome of MO— May 4, 1986

 

 Phantom Predator— Analysis of EAR Crime Spree.

Analysis of EAR Prowling MO

EAR Profile

Phone Calls

The Lair of an Arch Rapist

Masks— Now you see them, now you don’t

The Mystery of the Silent Dog

Thwarted!

 

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261/187 Rape/Murder

1-62

1976-1986

Northern/Southern California

Sacramento, Rancho Cordova, Carmichael, Orangevale, Davis, Modesto, Concord, Walnut Creek, San Ramon, San Jose, Goleta, etc.

Portrait of Terror

East Area Rapist/
         Original Night Stalker

Introduction

   As today, so in 1976 was the evening Summer breeze not only expected but welcomed in the Sacramento suburbs. It caused the corrugated iron walls to creak. The auto bay doors rustled and fell silent again. The sounds could be heard from inside the attached offices. They were moody sounds in this isolated and utilitarian area of Rancho Cordova’s wrecking yards. They caressed the warehouse-like building and momentarily brought life to the hollow, inner silence.

     Though his face looked older than his age, it was a young hand that reached up and turned off the desk light. He had spent another engrossing evening going through a city ex-directory, those special directories that list all phone numbers, no matter if unlisted in the regular directory, and make it possible to correlate them with addresses. He made his notes and kept his ledger. He wasn’t doing homework. He was no longer in high school. Those who would be his senior classmates had just graduated. He had left high school and gone to work. As they prepared for college, he was on the verge of setting a city in terror, a terror which to this day it has never forgotten.

     He had gotten his first thrill in June when he successfully raped his first victim in her father’s home on Paseo Drive, nearby. As the blurry fumes of a hot day still rose up and distorted the setting sun over Rancho Cordova’s rooftops, he prepared again to open the cyclone gates of the wrecking yard and prowl in a junker soon to be destroyed and untraceable.

     But rape wasn’t his thing. He could get all the girls he wanted. He was handsome enough. He had shoulder length dishwater blond hair. He was lean, athletic. He could also give a charming look askance at a pretty girl. It was terror that he enjoyed. He covered his handsome face with ski masks and homemade hoods fit only for a scarecrow. He didn’t waylay victims on jogging paths or in parks. He tactically assailed a home and inflicted terror in helpless people. Sometimes for hours he lorded over the house. This excited him. Rape was only one of his signatures.

       An uncommonly calculating mind for one so young, he had made it a point to drop false clues while in victims’ homes. He made it sound as if he was speaking to an accomplice. He made himself sound like a sneak thief, an migrant passing through town or, contrarily, someone who knew his victims and had longed for them, and, lastly, a sobbing mentally ill drug addict. He was so careful that he used hang-up phone calls to determine the routines of the neighborhoods. He called intended victims and even their neighbors. He prowled many backyards. He refined his prowling and struck homes in locations from which he could quickly escape and fade into traffic. It became a military, tactical game of assault.

       He grew up and grew into his 20s being the most elusive serial villain in California. There was nothing to identify him but his script-like MO. Three letters were given to him. They made an unwieldy moniker: EAR. The East Area Rapist. Despite the fact he terrorized Stockton, then Modesto and Davis, then Contra Costa County, the 3 letter moniker was retained because he attacked first and primarily in Sacramento’s east suburban area. He had been so careful in southern California that the sheriffs who had sought him in northern California could only suspect he was the one who had turned murderer. Three counties around Los Angeles were seeking a night murderer who was bludgeoning his victims in their homes. He was similar to a serial killer they had afoot called The Bedroom Basher, but it was clear he was not the same one.

       After 10 years of crime, some of it epidemic in proportion, some years only sporadic, he has vanished from history. The Bedroom Basher has been caught. Sundry serial and spree killers have fallen before cold case DNA examinations. But this, the calculating perpetrator of at least 50 rapes and 10 known murders has remained faceless. He has only been given 3 more letters: ONS. In So. Cal he is remembered as The Original Night Stalker. But over the 10 years he struck, he left a corpus of clues.

     Let us now put aside the language of literature.

Portrait of Terror

     The profile of The Night Predator must of necessity be one based on the accumulation of evidence and clues. This is not a psychological profile. This is, in its way, a composite. It is a step toward alerting the memory of any potential witness, even this long after-the-fact, enlivening any investigator, no matter how far removed, to the series of clues that together form a giant step toward the identity of The East Area Rapist/Original Night Stalker herein referred to as The Night Predator.

     Despite the fact that I now believe I can identify this miscreant, moral and legal culpability are not the same thing. Therefore I have maintained this page, which was essentially completed before I was sure of my suspect, to underscore the process via which I came to my conclusions, rather than simply laying out my arguments on a “suspect’s” page. The edifice of clues and evidence must eventually point to one person. This page’s purpose is to build the edifice of clues. Thereby this page lays down for us what kind of person was in a position to do this, and who alone fits the clues.

       The mandates of natural logic require conclusionary statements to be supported by reasons given before them.

       To begin:

     1. The EAR was young. He was estimated to be between 18 and early 20s when he began in the Summer of 1976.

                           Several clues underscore this. More than one victim described that the
                   way he talked, more than what he said, indicated he was young. In the case
                   of his first victim, he stood a birdbath on a block and got on it in an attempt
                   to reach the phone line coming into the house in order to cut the wire. The
                   birdbath gave way and he failed. He then forgot to even cut the phone line
                   when in the house. Not only is this inconsistent stumbling indicative of a
                   beginner it is indicative of a younger man. Only a couple of victims thought
                   he might be older. Amidst a cache of victims numbering over 50, a couple is
                   hardly a challenging number. If EAR was much older, he would have known
                   that the easiest way was to break in the house and cut the phone line inside,
                   which in fact would become his MO. Even an old movie could tell one about
                   the cliché of the line going dead because it was cut. (Deduction therefrom:
                   He had never broken into a house knowing there were people inside.)            

                           Birth should tentatively be placed between 1954 and 1958, the younger
                   age being personally preferred.

                           EAR rode a bike quite frequently, and probably did not stand out due to
                   his youth.

                           The overall pattern of his strikes in the East Area indicate someone who
                   probably had not traveled much, but knew these areas quite well from youth.

                             To Victim No. 9, he declared that “I have to wait for my parents to leave
                   so I can go home.”
Although he almost habitually threw red herrings at his
                   victims, the above statement indicates a man who believed he could promote
                   himself as being rather young and still living at home.

                           EAR also soon developed an almost script-like way of speaking to his
                   victims. It is significant that before this he was almost uniformly thought to be
                   quite young by the victims. Victim No 1 in particular thought him only a
                   teenager.

     2. He began in the western section of Rancho Cordova in the Summer of 1976. The nearest cross street was Paseo Drive and Malaga Way. This was an un-incorporated area in the east area of the California State Capitol of Sacramento. It had no public street lighting. This would not be the center of his crime spree. Rather:

     3. The East Area of Sacramento would be the center of his crime spree, those communities of Carmichael and Citrus Heights. For the most part his attacks were contained in the San Juan Unified School District.

East Area Map02
SJSD

The East Area of suburban Sacramento. Except for 2 strikes (not on map) The EAR confined himself to this area until he moved on to the other California towns of Stockton, Modesto, and Davis. Inset: the San Juan Unified School District. Only those strikes in Rancho Cordova, La Riviera, and No. 25 and 28 are outside of the district. EAR frequently struck near a school in the district, but only once outside of it.

     4. While EAR had probably not yet entered a home knowing occupants were therein, he was a bold night prowler. He moved through neighbors’ yards and  apparently jumped fences with relative ease. How experienced he was at this is debatable. Convention says he was quite experienced. It is probably best to go with that, since he remained quite faceless, but he did leave behind some solid clues to question this. He wore boots called “waffle stompers”— a type of high rim hiking boot. The other clue is that he frequently left side gates open, indicating he came and went rather freely into homeowners’ backyards. The use of waffle stompers— cumbersome footwear for climbing fences— would indicate he boldly came and went through side gates for the most part. He gave this up for tennis shoes after Victim 8. As for breaking in, he was not very adept. He whittled away the wood around the first victim’s back door to get at the lock. In future he would become more sophisticated.

       5. Phantom. There is no entirely reliable facial composite of him, from the beginning to the end of his crime spree. While the habit of leaving side gates open in itself seems quite unsophisticated and even haphazard, EAR was actually quite calculating. He used hang-up phone calls, ostensibly to determine the homeowners’ routines, this is to say, phone calls where the caller would not answer the recipients’ repeated “Hello” but it was obvious to the recipient that someone was on the other end. Then the mysterious and silent caller would hang up. He did this even from the very beginning, even before he hit No. 1. This indicates that:

     6. EAR thus had some convenient means by which to obtain home phone numbers. I had speculated (Prowling MO) that EAR had obtained these numbers by having been in the victims’ and their neighbors’ houses already. However, that would now seem cart-before-theBeginning-POT-icon-horse. If EAR had already determined the schedule of the occupants to such an extent he could move through several houses and obtain phone numbers completely undetected, there would be little need to monitor the occupants’ schedules by hang-up phone calls. Steve Doran had told me long ago of Ex or Polk City Directories, but it just didn’t seem to ring true. Although these are maintained by public libraries, it seemed logistically impossible that he could spend so much repeat time there checking for phone numbers that matched the addresses he wrote down while prowling. But when considering that certain businesses purchase them, it became a clue. Therefore it seems likely EAR had some access to such directories at a business, one that would maintain such a directory. This alone would allow him to obtain and correlate phone numbers with addresses at will. Although EAR’s modus operandi for stalking certainly refined and developed, from the very beginning he used hang-up calls to potential victims, sometimes for weeks in advance. He must have kept a ledger, for it seems even years later he called some victims. For but a teenager this indicates that:

       7. The Night Predator was shrewd. There is nothing in his combined crime spree to indicate that EAR was particularly intelligent, but he was quite shrewd and cunning. He devoted an incredible amount of time to his stalking, all set to the purpose of facelessly prowling a neighborhood and escaping quickly. Very frequently, and especially in the beginning of his crime spree, he narrowed down victims to corner houses or to a house one or two next door to the corner. A main thoroughfare was nearby. This is true even of his first strike in Rancho Cordova. Although the neighborhood offers nothing tactically (school, canal, field, park, etc.), Paseo and Malaga are only a couple of short blocks from Folsom Blvd., the major artery to and from Sacramento. This indicates that:

     8. EAR had a heightened sense of danger. Combining the above, it is clear that EAR had a heightened sense of danger. He did not have a disconnect in this area, as some have speculated. Rather he obsessed on selecting the right victim, and this had to be in an area of the street, neighborhood, and then community from which he could quickly escape and fade into urban traffic. If this is compulsion, he was most definitely a paradox, for this is certainly calculated and controlled. (This seems at odds with his careless use of side gates, an obvious indication someone uninvited had been in the yard. But people were not so watchful in the 1970s, and closing a gate can make noise.)

       9. Not surprisingly, EAR was not seen frequently. He seems to have parked at a distance from the neighborhoods he stalked and was, for the most part, completely unsuspected as he walked or biked along. He would return to the neighborhood in which he struck to claim a second victim perhaps weeks or months later. He would thus be someone who, if seen, would not be seen frequently in the neighborhood, but seen in spurts with gaps of weeks or months in between.

       10. Appearance and Routine

       While a vast body of clues cannot draw an entirely sure composite of him, they can tell us something of his appearance, behavior and routine. Bloodhounds who traced him detected something no human could. The EAR had a drug addiction or disease, possibly one that made him largely impervious to cold. Bloodhounds consistently went to pieces (shaking, slobbering) when locating his scent, indicating some disease or drug addiction that changed his biochemistry significantly.

                             (a) As a result, EAR often underdressed, both on the night of the attack
                   and while stalking, even in very cold winter weather. He would turn off home
                   furnaces even when only casing a house. He would turn them off on the night
                   of the attack as well. (Making an effort to recall this trait in somebody should
                   be of especial interest to anybody who lived about Sacramento’s East Area
                   at that time.) 

                               (b) EAR drank beer. He left beer cans behind, especially Coors, at
                   more than one strike.

                               (c) EAR smoked. He used filter tips. He was probably not a chain
                     smoker.

                               (d) EAR had a higher-pitched voice. In a few moments of challenge,
                     EAR’s manner of speaking through a clenched, threatening whisper broke.
                     He then spoke in a higher pitched voice, higher than is normal for a male.

                                   Ponder: Perhaps he took up smoking young to change his voice.

                               (e) EAR followed a script. Another reflection of EAR’s calculating
                     mind, EAR had developed a curious MO within the house of the victims. His
                     words almost seemed those of a script. Not only did he disguise his voice
                     with the victims, speaking through clenched teeth in an angry whisper or
                     hiss, he spoke within the rigid confines of repeated dialog.

                                                 Deduction therefrom. EAR believed that not only his
                       voice but the manner in which he spoke could trace his identity. Before
                       DNA, rape was a very difficult crime to prosecute. The victim had to
                       identify the assailant and be dogmatically sure of it. EAR seemed aware
                       from the beginning that his voice or a certain manner of speech could
                       identify him. He also seemed to know the difficulties of prosecuting rape.

                                 (f) “Sexual Terrorist.” Almost all victims attested that rape was not
                     EAR’s object or, rather, the ultimate purpose of his attack on their
                     residence and person. He seemed more of a sexual terrorist. He
                     commanded the house, sometimes for hours, ransacking, terrorizing, but the
                     moments of rape were usually short and sporadic. EAR seldom stole
                     anything of value. He was a calculated terrorist and thrill seeker.

                                 (g) Late Summer was not an active time for EAR. He was gone the
                     entire Summer of ’77. He was gone or abstained after July 7, 1978, until
                     October 1978. He abstained or was gone from July 5, 1979, to October
                     1979. In each of these gaps, he relocated. After the Summer of ’77, he
                     struck in Stockton. It was not permanent. He returned to Sacramento. After
                     July of ’78 he struck in Concord. This appears a stable, though not
                     necessarily permanent, move. He returned to Sacramento for 1, perhaps
                     2 attacks (disputed). After July 1979, he relocated again. This was to
                     somewhere in southern California. During these times he acquired a tan.

       11. Physical description.

             Nevertheless, over the entire crime spree there are repeated reports of a young man unknown to the respective neighborhoods where EAR struck. Although there is no one reliable composite, taken together the composites indicate a fairly good looking young man. He was not pock-marked or freaky. He was the unsuspected.

                               (a) From the accumulation of victims’ assessments, The EAR was
                         about 5 foot 9 inches tall. He was lean and muscular, though not gym
                         muscular. He was more like a swimmer. EAR was naturally athletic and
                         agile.

                               (b) Beginning in the Summer of 1976, EAR had shoulder length
                         brown-blond hair. By 1977 it had been cut and much of the blond was
                         not evident. Rather the underlying brown was more evident. It was then
                         described as dark, but not black (as in the case of the driver of the Toyota
                         Celica, San Ramon (No. 40).

                                 (c) The bare part of him most frequently seen was his legs. While the
                         description remains the same, the hair changes.

                             At Victim #:
                                   1.  Dark hair on legs (June 18, 1976).
                                   3.  No visible hair, slightly tan (Aug. 29, 1976).
                                   7.  Dark hair on legs/arms, though not black (Oct. 18, 1976).
                                   9.  Ankles pale, hair light brown (Nov. 10, 1976).
                                 16. Thighs unusually wide, hair stubble as if shaved (April 2, 1977.)

                               Deduction therefrom:
                                       EAR shaved his legs between June 18 and August 29. He let it
                             grow back. By Oct. 18, it was not fully grown and still looked dark.
                             By Nov. 10 it was more fully grown back and appeared lighter,
                             though that witness may have been mistaken. By April 1977 he was
                             shaving again. Thighs were developing from more bike riding.

                                 Worst possible scenario: more than one miscreant.    

                             (d) EAR had during the late summer months a body tan. Tan faded by
                       late Fall. It was most evident on his legs. This tanline was the length of
                       boxer shorts, the standard length of shorts in the 1970s. 

                             (e)  As frequently, if not more so, as his legs, EAR’s eyes were seen.
                       Victim No. 15 was shown a number of photos of high school pictures from
                       various local schools. In doing so she repeatedly came back to one student
                       and said those were the similar eyes that she had seen. Following Richard
                       Shelby’s account (Hunting a Psychopath), this student can be identified.
                       Though this is not EAR, he had very similar eyes. These are sleepy looking
                       if not morose eyes, with heavy, overlaying lids. There is no consistent color
                       description for his eyes. They were most likely between hazel and blue.

                               (f) EAR may have acquired a tattoo on his left or right forearm
                       sometime in 1977. This tattoo may have resembled a bull, in particular the
                       Schlitz Malt Liquor Bull. The victims at Attack No. 3 (August 29, 1976)
                       saw EAR’s forearms but do not note the existence of a tattoo. The same
                       can be said for Victim No. 7. Thus if the account of the girl at Attack No.
                       23 (September 1977) is correct, the tattoo was acquired sometime after
                       October of 1976 and September of 1977. It may have been acquired
                       during The EAR’s hiatus the Summer of 1977.

                             (g) EAR was under-endowed. He was often not fully aroused. The
                         miscreant organ was narrow and short, circumcised.

                             (h) On a few occasions the miscreant organ underwent radical changes.
                       For some of his attacks it was clear that EAR brought with him a gym or
                       beach bag that had a zipper. Pumping sound was attributed by some
                       blindfolded victims to EAR working a lubricating bottle’s pump action. On
                       these occasions they described his organ as short but thick and not under
                       -endowed. EAR may, in fact, have been using a pumping device.

         The following composites date from 1976 to early 1978.

 EARBogus EARcomposite2 EAR-Composite7EAR-Composite4 EAR-Composite5 EAR-Composite6

  EAR1977composite EAR-Composite-1978

         Physical Description (Cont’d) The first composite is considered quite inaccurate. But it does preserve for us one continuity with the others: EAR wore his hair parted in the middle. Of these composites, the most at odds is the February 1977 composite, which shows the suspect of the Ripon Court shooting. It shows a bland, morose older face with hair parted on the side. There is, however, no evidence that EAR was the suspect in that shooting. The others show EAR wearing his hair with a part in the middle— a common fashion at that time. The last 2 composites, October 1977 and February 1978, show a marked hair cut and a change in the part. The second to last is quite the most detailed. It shows a decidedly young man with heavy eyes. The last one is of one of the 2 men seen on La Gloria Drive. Of particular interest is that the composites combined show that EAR had his hair cut in the Summer of 1977 when he was inactive. This may be of some significance.

     Moreover, the second to last composite is associated with attack No. 24. The other short hair composites show that the suspect parted is hair uncommonly on the right. The second to last is not at odds, as the suspect has no real defined part. It is low and uneven and apparently on the left. Rather it shows a man who could have just removed a stocking from his head, which would create the effect seen in the hair. If the suspect in the second to last composite parted his hair on the right, removing the stocking with the right hand by pulling it over from the left would create the effect seen. Attack No 24 was one of the rare instances in which EAR wore a stocking.

       EAR’s appearance at attacks is far more detailed. They are as follows: 

1

(1)

5

(5)

9

(9)

17

(17)

2

(2)

3-2 4

(3)

7

(4)

8
10

(10)

18

(18)

(7)

11

(11)

15

(15)

19

(19)

(8)

16

(16)

20

(20)

22
21 23

(21)

24

(24)

28

(28)

(22)

25

(25)

29

29/30)

25

(26)

31

(31)

32
33
34

(32)

(33)

(34)

(23)

27

(27)

36

(36)

38

(38)

40

(40)

43B

(43B)

47

(47)

44

(44)

48

(48)

43
45

(45)

49

(49)

(43)

46

(46)

   11. Appearance (Cont’d)

           From the above we can see that EAR pretty much stuck to a routine. What is most noticeable is that around the time of the Interdepartmental Memo (December 1977), in which it was noted that EAR had a “proclivity” to wear olive green, he noticeably changed to a bland dark blue jacket or windbreaker. Windbreakers were quite common in the 1970s. This may indicate that EAR had some kind of tap on the sheriff department grapevine, but it could also mean that he closely monitored a police scanner. Richard Shelby, one of the detectives on the case, lamented in his recent tome (Hunting a Psychopath) that too much chatter was going over the police radios. EAR seems to have picked up on it.

             This seems more likely than any kind of connection with the sheriff office, for EAR revealed clues in several jurisdictions that he monitored a police scanner, and it is unlikely that he had a personal connection in each county in which he committed a crime.

             For example, on occasion homeowners noted that someone had been in their home. In a few cases, pictures of the homeowner and their family had been found disturbed or missing, or other indications of EAR’s beforehand-prowling, such as drawers left ajar, etc. This not only happened in Sacramento County but in Contra Costa County (680 Corridor). Notable incidents include those at Thunderbird Place, San Ramon. In all cases, the homes were along streets that were perfectly situated according to EAR’s Prowling MO— along a canal, park, golf course, bike trail, etc. In each case, the homeowners naturally had called the police. In each case, EAR never returned to the home or even the street. This is true even of Thunderbird Place where, according to Lt. Larry Crompton (Contra Costa Co. detective), they were careful to stake out the home in question at night and await EAR’s expected arrival. They were careful, very careful. They had parked blocks away and walked to the location. They had communicated over the phone or in person, not on the police radio. Yet, though EAR could not have known they had staked the house out, he never returned. Thus the only reasonable conclusion is that the original call from the homeowner to the police, from which a police dispatcher over the radio then sent a unit to investigate, was the communication that The EAR monitored. It was enough for him to avoid the neighborhood again.

           Thus one must conclude:       

     12. EAR had and monitored a police scanner.

                       He was thus someone who had access to one at all times and kept a careful
                 watch on it. This would indicate a police scanner both at home and at work.

                           This cross-references to other clues.

       13. Frequent use of “jalopies.” The EAR stalked a neighborhood via many different ways, relying on schools, canals, bike paths, open fields, etc. (See Prowling MO). But he also stalked a neighborhood via a car.

                             In those neighborhoods that were struck, a neighborhood canvas by
                 sheriff or police investigators uncovered that a suspicious car had been seen
                 cruising slowly through the neighborhood or parked in certain areas days or
                 even weeks before the attack. Invariably, this car was a jalopy. It was some
                 old junker that could never be traced. And EAR seemed to have had many of
                 them. The cars ranged from an old 1950s Chevy or Ford truck to a 1970s
                 Vega. They included an early 1960s faded pink Ford Valiant and several
                 Volkswagens. In fact, EAR was frequently associated with a VW. In the case
                 of No. 7, The EAR’s car had been parked on the edge of a muddy field.
                 Investigators measured the muddy tire tracks of the car on the road where it
                 had pulled out. From a glitch in the tread it was easy to measure the rear tires
                 as 84 inches. The would fit the enlarged back tire on a customized VW. Yet
                 after No. 22 bloodhounds traced EAR’s scent to tire tracks that seemed those
                 of an old Porsche. In Stockton (No 31) a suspicious Volkswagen van had been
                 seen. At the other Stockton location (No. 23), the car heard starting after the
                 attack was said to be a Volkswagen. The victim at No. 28 was sure she heard
                 the assailant start his car next to her house and it was a van. A suspicious van
                 was seen in Danville (No. 46). A boxy, older white Datsun was also seen on
                 two occasions. At No. 40 (San Ramon) an old Toyota Celica was seen
                 cruising the neighborhood before the attack.

                           Underscoring that these were junkers is the fact that this particular
                 jalopy’s license plate was taken down. It was traced to a car which had been
                 junked the year before in Windsor, CA, October 14, 1977, far up Highway
                 101 north of the Bay Area. This was not unique. There was the Hartnell Place
                 incident, December 1976, in Sacramento. The area fit EAR’s Prowling MO. A
                 strange young man was parked in an alley behind the condos, scanning the
                 area. He was in a faded pink jalopy (Ford Valiant). When challenged, he fled
                 and abandoned the car. He later must have returned, for the car vanished. The
                 license plate had been taken down. It could be traced to a car that had been
                 junked on November 20, 1976, in Lodi, Ca., to the south of Sacramento.

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                                     These are not isolated incidents. In every case where a plate was
                               taken down the sheriffs could not trace it or the car.

             This is a major clue. It introduces for us that EAR was:

       14. An auto wrecker.

                           As such EAR would be able to drive a tow truck and come and go all over northern California, picking up cars and taking them to the business yard where they would be dismantled for valuable pieces before being removed to the junkyard for compacting. He would be largely personally unsupervised during these times. He would become fairly familiar with a large number of neighborhoods. Moreover, within the queue of cars awaiting dismantling he could have his choice to drive for a while. In visiting the junkyards, he could lift what plates he wanted and switch at will. When the car’s time was due to be dismantled, this the only traceable accomplice to his prowling would be destroyed, the license plate stealthily discarded. A disposable and recyclable MO. As the sheriffs labored to trace the sundry cars, they were being compacted, perhaps with EAR’s own hand on the lever, and ushered away to become tin cans for soup.

                           Original. Unique. Very ingenious. I would say brilliant if this was an MO that could be adopted. But it cannot be. This is not an MO that can be copycatted. It is one of convenience. One must be an auto wrecker, possibly a grunt with a position of trust or a member of the owning family working in the business.

                           Auto wreckers are also intimately involved in towing accident cars and in receiving wrecked cars at their yards, and as such are quite close to local police and Highway Patrol via coming to the accident scene to remove the car. At such times the grunt could easily overhear information as they chatted about such a popular case or he could be well acquainted with some officers and inquire casually.

                             It is interesting to note that the largest auto wreckers in the East Area, if not all Sacramento, were on Cemo Circle in Rancho Cordova; named after the energetic Sammy Cemo, who owned all the land and had his own auto wrecking business. Of these, C&C was naturally one of the oldest. But next door was the largest. American River Auto Wreckers took up most of Cemo Circle. They had several subdivisions, including their own VW division. Several different offices and warehouses with auto bays were home to each division’s management. Behind cyclone fences, the cars awaited dismantling. In seedy fields behind the auto bays, junkers were parked and stacked awaiting removal to the larger yards or to be sold for scrap.

CCAutowreckersAR-phonebook2       Cemo-1966-2

           Up Sunrise Blvd., not so far away on South Bridge Road, was the major truck and van dismantler, known as Fair Oaks Auto Wreckers. It was right near the river and the footpaths and the access to the historic Fair Oaks Bridge that crosses the American River to the heart of the old village of Fair Oaks. By the time of The EAR, the major auto wreckers were long concentrated on Cemo Circle, but some of the yards lining South Bridge were still ancillary to Cemo-1966their work, and EAR would have been familiar with them. It was, in essence, amidst an area of inspiration for EAR, and a quiet biking route into and out of Fair Oaks.

       Auto traffic on the historic bridge was stopped in 1967. Thereafter it was closed before being turned into part of the natural park area (self service payment required today) and a major link in the bike trail. It is now a commonly walked link between Rancho Cordova (this part now called Gold River) and Fair Oaks.

         As noted, the businesses that once thrived there had by the 1970s moved south to Cemo Circle, and aside from a few remaining on South Bridge the yards, bays and warehouses were only ancillary to the main yards on Cemo Circle.

       Today, the businesses in question on Cemo Circle and South Bridge are, of course, long gone (save one), but the yards remain. They impress upon one a secure lair for an assailant to come and go in various untraceable jalopies, return, open the cyclone gates, close them, lock them, park the car, and completely fade in unsuspected amidst the work of then reducing these automobiles to parts and thence to oblivion.

       Before continuing, it should be noted that it is not being implied that there is any  complicity in these crimes by any owners or partners of these auto wrecking establishments today or with whatever current businesses on Cemo Circle conduct out of the old buildings. Rather we look back in history now, near 40 years ago.

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                           In addition to the above are some tantalizing coincidences.

                         American River Auto Wreckers, for example, offered home and business delivery of auto AR-phonebook3parts. These would not be delivered from a tow truck but from a workman’s van.

                         Most likely, such a van would be unmarked. It would be a bland color. If EAR did drive a van on occasion, and felt safe parking it near the victim or in any neighborhood with potential witnesses, it would have to be an unmarked van. Vans, when seen by witnesses, were a bland blue-green color, unmarked and with small rear windows in the double doors in back. On one occasion (Danville, 46), a witness described the taillights as being vertical, which would indicate a Ford 1974-Ford-Econoline-Cargo-Van-E-300Econoline.

                         Delivery of auto parts and towing would also acquaint EAR with the major junkyards, such as those in Stockton and Modesto. He would drive the highways quite a bit. He would even go to as far as Windsor, north of the Bay Area. Richard Shelby inquired of the owner of the auto dismantler in Windsor to which the plate for the Celica could be traced. He said that anyone could jump over his fence at night and take what they wanted. I do not think that EAR drove all the way to an obscure wrecker in Windsor to merely jump the fence and steal a single license plate. I would suggest rather that on routine business EAR took it while at the wreckers, for whatever reason.

                       In  such a capacity, delivering parts from a van, EAR would be unsupervised and be in a position to have a scanner. He would probably not beAIMGP1536 someone who answered his own dispatcher promptly, since he may have been prowling intermittently. In the tow truck he would definitely have a scanner.

                     There is one other curious point about the scanner. In the beginning, that dreadful unrehearsed beginning, EAR did not follow a script. He was developing much in his MO. If Crompton (Sudden Terror) is to be believed, then the sheriffs made much out of EAR having said “twinge” with Victim No. 2 in Del Dayo. Thus by following a rigid script thereafter EAR may have been responding in his way to this slip. He may therefore have had some link in the sheriff grapevine or this information at one point or another went out over the radio in conversation. EAR never used an unusual word again, though he did use an unrecognizable phrase: “Gimme a good drop.” It’s meaning can be derived from the context, but its origins are obscure.

                     Moreover, due to the nature of their business and their association with towing off and receiving car accidents, auto wreckers are near freeways and are located in the more utilitarian section of towns. After leaving the Sacramento area, EAR remained noticeably limited to freeway areas except in Modesto.

                   In this context it is perhaps wise to note the location of the major auto wreckers of the 680 Corridor of Contra Costa and Santa Clara County. If viewing this significant artery of traffic as a pole, its axes would be Concord in the north and San Jose in the south. The major auto wreckers of this corridor are, in fact, in Concord on Arnold Industrial Way and on Commercial Street in San Jose to the south. EAR commenced his strikes in Concord (38, 39), and then San Ramon (40), which is on 680 toward San Jose, and then San Jose (41, 42).  It is interesting to note that Commercial Street is off Berryessa Road. EAR struck off Berryessa Road but on the other side of Highway 680 and the wrecking yards.

                     In between the only major wrecking area is Livermore/Dublin area. The San Ramon strike was quite close to this area.

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                     The same can be said for the attacks in Stockton, Modesto and Davis. EAR struck in places between the major yards, as though coming and going from the wrecking yards or parts pick up and delivery, he then diverted to stalk communities. The major wrecking areas of Stockton are off Highway 4 on Navy Road, south of where he struck. In Modesto they are just north of Ceres, south of where he struck. For Davis, they are just beyond in Dixon and Woodland.

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                     When EAR mysteriously turned up in So. Cal, he did the same thing. He began in Goleta in Santa Barbara County. He struck north of Highway 101 in the area of North Kellogg, an area accessible via North Patterson, which links the area in question to Highway 101.

         It is interesting to note that:

                     Goleta is the northern terminus for major auto wrecking in the greater Los Angeles area. The auto wreckers are on the south side of North Patterson on South Kellogg and School Bus.

                   EAR next struck in Ventura Co area, off Foothills Drive, which is accessible from the Santa Paula Freeway via So. Kimball. Two exits away on the Highway 126 (Santa Paula Freeway) is Mission Rock Road, the location of the major wreckers of this area.

                   EAR next struck in Dana Point at the southern terminus of the sprawling Los Angeles asphalt jungle. Both Pacific Highway 1 (El Camino Real, California’s first Royal Highway from the King of Spain) and Highway 5, California’s major modern artery, come together south of here in San Clemente. Off East Avenida Pico, in northern San Clemente, is the southern terminus of LA area auto wreckers and their yards.

                   In between these areas, EAR contained his So. Cal strikes, limiting himself to Highway 101 and Highway 5. In between these areas the major auto wreckers are in Tustin/Santa Anna and, naturally, close to Highway 5. They are off East Santa Ana Blvd. A few exits south is Culver and Trabucco roads in Irvine, off which EAR murdered two victims in 1981 and 1986 respectively.

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                     It is a fact that EAR followed a pattern regarding his strikes off highways. In Contra Costa County (Highway 680 Corridor) he struck in the north (Concord), then struck further south (San Ramon), then struck the furthest south (in this case San Jose) and then worked his way back north (Danville, Fremont, Walnut Creek). The same can be said of EAR’s pattern in the So. Cal area. First he struck in Goleta, then south in Ventura, then the furthest south in Dana Point, then in between in Irvine, then again in Goleta, then last in Irvine. 

                   All of the strikes are relatively near highways and some of them are on opposite poles of streets that lead to the major auto wreckers. His attacks, in fact, are always between the major auto wreckers, not beyond; and he almost always remains close to the highways. This  is at odds with where he began in the East Area of Sacramento, where he struck established neighborhoods and then those under new construction far from the highways. Not only did this cause sheriff investigators to believe he was a local, this deduction is underscored by the consistent pattern he followed when he branched out from Carmichael/Rancho Cordova area. He never seems very familiar with the communities beyond that one section he has mapped out near the highway.

                   It is a fact that in his neighborhood attacks EAR kibitzed, that is, before striking an intended victim he had parked his car in a central area to the attack and then went in the opposite direction and, on occasion, then stole a bike and rode it to the intended victim’s house, which was in the other direction of where he had parked. I submit that he did the same in his Highway (Concord and Los Angeles area) strikes, only on a bigger scale. I am relatively certain I can place my suspect in the Livermore area, and if correct it would mean that EAR struck first in Concord, then San Ramon and then to the furthest south in San Jose. He was thus kibitzing. He never struck in Livermore.

                     I can say tentatively that a connection exists between my suspect and Garden Grove, near Tustin in greater Los Angeles. Thus, if this is so, he once again kibitzed. He struck in the northernmost of the axis here— Goleta— then south of there in Ventura, then to the southern terminus and closer to his base of operations. Outside of the Highway 5 area and the demands of auto wrecking and towing he does not seem familiar with Los Angeles.

                   This could require a family connected in the business throughout the State, but it could also mean that as he moved he retained his main profession of auto wrecker. It seems undeniable that EAR’s long distance strikes, and the various and sundry cars associated with him, means he must have been good at auto mechanics. No one who devoted so much mental energy to his crime spree could or would take the chance that his auto would not work after a crime. It should be a given that he had good auto mechanic knowledge. 

                   Yet it would be dubious to say he was professionally an auto mechanic, since that is a static job. Yet he had to be associated with cars and have enough knowledge to make sure his jalopies were sufficient for the driving strain he put on them. He had to have a position of trust in order to get and drive the junkers for a while before dismantling them.

                   EAR’s footprints form an interesting profile on their own. They not only tell us how EAR entered a yard, but where he stopped, looked in windows or, in a number of cases, where he simply knew where he was going. But something tells us more. They reconfirm that EAR probably worked outdoors. In the beginning he wore waffle stompers— in other words, fairly cumbersome hiking style high rim boots. Of his first 8 attacks, only at No. 7 (Del Dayo) did he use tennis shoes. Tennis shoes would almost be the norm thereafter. Yet according to Richard Shelby, waffle stomper boot prints were found in yards near to the residence of No. 12 (Primrose Drive). Could this indicate that EAR had just come off a long day at work? On occasion, victims smelled BO from him. Could this too indicate EAR struck right after a long day’s work or even during work? This was noted in Modesto as well, and if EAR was taking or delivering parts all day at the major yards south of the Tuolomne, he would be smelling by that evening.

                     If he was driving auto parts around or coming and going from junkyards, or working all day dismantling, moments of BO are understandable.

                     In order to be doing this type of work, the workman’s van would also need a blow torch in it, for the removal of parts. It is interesting to note that auto wreckers must know welding and have the equipment handy.  In this instance it is relevant to add that on one occasion EAR seemed to use a welder’s hood instead of a ski mask (No 9). It can well be imagined that an auto dismantler would have welding and blow torch equipment about, plus several hoods. Some of this equipment would be in the workman’s van.  

                     In his non Sacramento attacks, EAR ventured off the highway furthest in Modesto. If my suspect is the villain, then this could mean that his family’s connections there gave him more time or because Modesto is only an hour away from Sacramento and he could devote more time to prowling.

                     Even in his south Sacramento strikes EAR remained by a highway (No. 22, 32). It is only in the East Area of Sacramento in a circumference of Manzanita Blvd and Madison Avenue, that he seemed very familiar deep in with a community.

                     Since waffle stompers, tennis shoes and jalopy cars continued to be identified with The EAR’s beforehand prowling, it must be deduced that he worked in a job that allowed both type of footwear and access to such cars. An auto wrecker could presumably wear both.

                     EAR’s tan line would suggest an outdoors job as well. He developed a distinct tan line on his legs in mid to late summer. It was so noticeable that after the attempted rape of No. 3 (August 29, 1976), the neighbor/witness thought that the assailant was wearing white boxer shorts when he came out of the victim’s house. He was, in fact, naked from the waist down. (In the 1970s, as those old enough to remember know, shorts were short. There was no great fashion to them. They were meant to be short. Bermudas, long out of fashion from the 1960s, were gone.)

                   EAR thus had some kind of job that allowed him to wear shorts and acquire a noticeable tan line. Thus he often worked outdoors.

                   If EAR is delivering parts for an auto wrecker, picking up and taking in cars, etc., he is both unsupervised and yet accounted for. It would be assumed he is working. So long as he comes and goes from the yard on time, making his deliveries, he is accounted for. He can stalk with any number of vehicles soon-to-be-destroyed. At other times, he could be driving anAIMGP1541 unmarked, bland workman’s van. Every time a van was seen it was a bland, blue workman’s style Dodge or Ford with small windows in the back double doors. 

                   Richard Shelby quite rightly confesses that EAR’s ability to get so many phone numbers was the greatest mystery. EAR not only made numerous hang-up phone calls to intended victims, he also made them to many, many neighbors. The envelope with his phone bill in it must have been rather thick. I do not know if the investigators ever asked the Post Master to ask the mailmen which one had a resident who got an unusually thick phone bill, but it may have been worthwhile if he made his calls from a residence.

                       The last supposition presupposes that EAR lived alone and made calls
                 from a residence. The existence of Ex-Directories (or Polk Directories) is
                 well known, and they are maintained by libraries or voraciously purchased by
                 businesses. They contain all addresses, whether these residences have
                 unlisted numbers in the regular city directory. Moreover, Polk Directories also
                 contain a street-by-street listing, that is, giving a street name, and then each
                 address and the occupant of that address and their phone number.

                       Any business that made frequent pick up or deliveries would have one. If
               the dispatcher made a mistake in writing down an address or number and the
               deliverer could not find the location, it would be easy to reference a Polk
               Directory and inform the confused deliverer. EAR’s knowledge of each
               street’s intended victims’ phone numbers, including  all neighbors, would
               indicate not only the use of such an ex-directory, but access to one in a
               business, such as auto wrecking/delivery, that would need one.

                       Constant sashay to a library would seem impractical. Thus it would seem
               almost certain EAR had easy access to such a directory and could go through
               it unobserved, especially the street index, and thereby learn the phone number
               that went with the address. Polk Directories used to give the owner’s business
               as well, and in a cross reference EAR could have learned the owner’s business
               and thus second-guessed when the homeowner was likely to be away. This
               would obviously assist him. If true, once again it underscores that EAR was in
               a position of trust. Added to the other clues, auto wrecking still seems the
               most probable.

                         Underscoring the theory EAR was in a position of trust is that it appears
               the majority of phone calls that he made were during business hours. Very few,
               comparatively speaking, were late at night. Such late night calls might come to
               the attention of the businesses’ accountant and an inquiry could be made. The
               late night calls could have been made from EAR’s residence. Other calls could
               have been made from pay phones, at which he could stop at will. It was noted
               to me by one online researcher that EAR frequently stole lots of change from
               his victims.

                 It would be fluid to continue here with this and introduce in detail a suspect profile, but that is best reserved for later. As this is a profile drawn by the clues, it is best to continue with the visual clues so frequently associated with EAR.                  

                 In doing so, we must say that however well an auto wrecker or grunt thereof fits the pattern of stalking  there are a couple of elements to EAR’s Prowling MO that tell us more.

               (a) There is the fact that pumping stations are quite close to EAR’s attacks in the Sacramento area, though not in the CCC attacks. 

               (b) New construction was frequent. The EAR began hitting communities that were new and where new homes were still being built on the remaining lots.

               (c) Frequently, very frequently, the victim’s home was up for sale, had been sold, or was near a home on the block that was for sale or had just sold.

                             This latter (c) caused investigators to wonder if EAR posed as a client or real estate agent in order to case the house layout in advance. Yet nothing turned up.

                             Personally I am ardent for my teenage suspect and thus I do not think it likely that he could pose for a real estate agent, though he did look older than his age.

         Rather:

         It is a fact that these homes were not just homes where a sign had been put up. These were homes in which the owners had already moved out or the new owner had already moved it. In other words, movers had been involved. Thus there is the possibility that EAR was:

       15. A part time grunt for a local moving company or had an accomplice who was.

                             As such he would know many neighborhoods. He would know where
                       the canals are simply by having been in so many homes moving furniture.
                       He would have had contact with the families and seen which women were
                       of  interest.

---------

         We are thus at an interesting confluence. Either we accept that EAR worked more than one job or that he came up with an improbable number of novel ways to stalk a neighborhood and select victims. If not this, then we must accept there are an equally improbable number of coincidences in EAR’s crime spree.

         The undeniable clues or coincidences, whichever way you wish to prefer them at this point, are:

         (a) The uncanny ability to get and dispose of any number of jalopies.
         (b) The ability to get license plates that belong to junked cars and cannot be traced beyond that.
         (c) Much unsupervised time on his own.
         (d) Knowledge of neighborhoods and canals.
         (e) The access to phone numbers.
         (f) Knowledge that police had been called to an intended victim’s house because of a “break-in.”
         (g) An MO which to some extent relied on real estate dealings.
         (h) Pumping or power stations nearby.
         (i) New construction frequently nearby.

       What shall we then say? Can an individual come up with all this and then add so much more (see Prowling MO) or does something tie all these together? As hard as it may be to believe, the progression of clues indicate that EAR did, in fact, come up with and utilize any number of ways to stalk a community.        

       The progression shows the following:

                   A young man, about late teens, seen in neighborhoods. He is associated with older cars, often junkers. Unknown to the residents, he is probably taking down addresses at this time. He returns later, jogging or biking or walking. During these times he is getting a closer look. Hang up phone calls have commenced. He returns at night and prowls. After the rapes, neighbors recall the phone calls, they recall some old car having been in the general vicinity. It hadn’t belonged to any neighbor or any known visitor. The license plates of these cars cannot be traced or they are traced to cars that have been junked over northern California.

                 From the very beginning EAR seems to be able to correlate addresses and phone numbers, and made an uncountable number of hang-up phone calls. Thus he seems to have had access to an Ex or Polk Directory at his convenience, without oversight, which would indicate the calls primarily came from a business, in which he had a position of trust. He could also do his research unseen at this business and call from home (or combination of both or pay phones).

                 EAR begins in a neighborhood where, apparently, he was attracted to his first victim merely by her beauty. This neighborhood provides no tactical advantage in terms of prowling homes— eg. open fields, orchards, canals, schools, parks. If his later record is any reflection, he must have been working when he cruised Paseo and Malaga. He could have been delivering parts nearby and diverted to stalk. For a teenager to be doing this before school was out, he must have been newly on the job, probably having recently dropped out or been thrown out of high school. There it began. He so enjoyed the thrill of conquest he developed his Stalking MO.

                   Yet in his first strike EAR is certainly unschooled in what he is about to do. He thinks first to cut a phone wire from without the house. Childishly, he greets his awakening victim in her bedroom doorway with pants down and himself aroused. He would do this again nearby, strutting down the street bottomless. It’s really not a portrait of terror yet. The sheriffs think it is some demented neighborhood kid.

                 Such an appearance is a poor reflection of his calculating mind. His calculating mind rather is seen in his caution. In his first few attacks he limits himself to corner houses or one or two away from the corner. He also strikes very near main thoroughfares so he can escape quickly and fade into traffic.

                     As his crime spree develops, he adds the above tactical allies to his stalking MO— schools, canals, orchards, bike paths, then CAT Corridors, and then expands further from corner homes to those further in the street, though homes closer to the corner remain favored.

                   It therefore should not strike one as surprising that such a diabolical and calculated character should add other aids. He may have worked part time as a grunt for a moving company, but the existence of homes for sale merely made it easier for him to look about and not appear that suspicious. Moreover, striking in locations of new construction would allow him to fade in rather easily as a construction worker. In areas of new developments not all the lots are completed and there aren’t as many neighbors in place to spot anything unusual. There is no old landscaping (trees, shrubs) to obscure his view of the houses, their windows, doors, side gates, fences, etc. It is simply easier to prowl and cast suspicion on itinerant construction workers.

                   Lastly, it cannot be overlooked that EAR also seemed remarkably aware of police communication over break-ins; perhaps he even had knowledge that they made note that he frequently wore olive green for night prowling. Neither a construction worker nor a real estate agent could monitor so obsessively a police scanner. Nor could the owner of an auto wrecking company. But, amazingly, an employee assigned to certain tasks could. No other profession could get a person so many different cars and then make it possible for him to ditch them without trace. No one else could get so many untraceable plates that belonged to junkers.

                 One thing remains consistent:  a young man is associated with jalopies and sometimes a van. Hang-up phone calls persist. Then a young man is associated with biking or jogging the neighborhood.

                 As EAR’s strikes expand, he largely remains by the highways. For Contra Costa and Santa Clara Counties, it is always Highway 680. For So. Cal, it is 101 and Highway 5.

                 All strikes are between the major poles of auto wrecking.

                 Everything comes down to an auto wrecker. I could out EAR’s neighborhood Stalking MO by a laborious backworking, but the reason that brought him to such distant communities along the highways remained obscure. Now it can be determined. Auto wrecker. Nothing else fits all the clues— scanner, business with a Polk Directory, jalopies never traceable, license plates to junked cars, home delivery, vans, highways.

     The portrait is:

       A young man in his late teens who had a connection to Rancho Cordova in business and Carmichael in the area of Manzanita Boulevard for home. He went out of his way to disguise his voice and manner of speech, either its youth or something distinctive like a higher pitch or lisp. He smoked occasionally. He liked beer. He was brown-blond. He was about 5 foot 9 inches tall. He was about 160 pounds weight. He wore size 9.5 inch shoes. He was naturally athletic. He had a tolerance for cold weather. His eyes often looked sleepy, with heavy lids. He acquired a tan in late summer. This tan line was the length of boxer shorts, the common length of a regular pair of shorts in the 1970s. He may have acquired a tattoo on his forearm in the Summer of 1977. He was gone during the late summers, starting in the Summer of 1977. He was “under-endowed.”

         But this is only the physical portrait. It is a lifeless effigy without the soul. This page has helped put spirit into that effigy. This portrait is that of an obsessive and calculating young mind who had the advantage and cover of a major auto wrecking concern with connections throughout the State. Rape really wasn’t his “thing.” It was terror. It was thrill. He didn’t charm his victims as many handsome serial villains had done. He preferred snarling threats to them between clenched teeth. He preferred glassy eyes darting death at them. Upon the disposable MO of recycled old cars and trucks he added many tactical advantages in order to stalk a community unseen and keep his identity unsuspected. This he successfully did; for 3 years almost routinely, both in Sacramento, Stockton, Modesto and Davis. Then with equal frequency in Contra Costa County. Lastly, he sporadically strikes in the greater Los Angeles/Santa Barbara area.

       Nothing indicates he truly left the Rancho Cordova main office, for his strikes are months apart now in LA. Was he commuting, staying only occasionally in LA? Were the months interim the result of his ever-calculating mind pondering every move in the more deadly game he now played?— for he turned to murder, and in his case brutal murder. In this too he reveals his craft. The “Bedroom Basher” was afoot in those communities, and EAR added the MO of beating to death his victims. It’s silent in the dead of night. But it takes a strong stomach to do that. His good looks should not cause us to overlook that evil often has a glint in its eye.

       Then there is a 5 year break after 1981. He then returns to within a mile of where he last killed in Irvine and kills again. Then there is nothing. For 30 years now the leaves of autumn have covered the graves of his victims. He has walked amongst us as unseen as he did in those neighborhoods so long ago.

         With this portrait, of one so cold and calculated, one should expect he easily returned to normal life. The EAR and Original Night Stalker faded away. They were cold cases. For EAR they were closed cases. The statute of limitations on his crimes long expired by the 1990s. But something happened. CLUE made a DNA hit. It confirmed that The East Area Rapist and Original Night Stalker were one and the same. This got circulation in 2000. There is no statute of limitations on prosecuting murder. The ultimate terrorist was outed. But it wasn’t a name or a person. It was a chain of chemicals. A genetic fingerprint was made that has never been matched.

         It is still wondered by many, both in law enforcement and those who have followed this bizarre case, if EAR had an accomplice on occasion (in the Sacramento area)— a scout, a partner in the fencing of those things stolen. Anyone who might have known who EAR had been, this long-forgotten terrorizing rapist, would realize there were now murder raps hanging over him. After 2000, did EAR suffer blackmail? Did the business he came to possess not thrive as it should?

       Whatever the truth of it, that brown-blond, handsome young man had no conscience. He had no conversion. He lost his thrill. . . .and he got away Scott free. He had one advantage: he was the unsuspected.

                                

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